The strategy 'Vibrant city' serves as a guideline during the planning process, in order to guarantee a mix of residential buildings, shops, offices and social services that, together with well elaborated public spaces, making it possible to live a pleasant and comfortable everyday life.
- 55 % rentals, including 10 % student apartments
- 26 % of the public open space have social values, which equals 20 m² per apartment
- 7 pre-schools, with 426 registered children
Robust and interconnected urban structure
Public open spaces with streets, parks and public squares form a network that keeps the city structure together and connects the area with the adjacent neighbourhoods. This year, a new bridge for biking and walking was constructed over Husarviken, which links Stockholm Royal Seaport with the National City Park. The construction of a new bridge over Värtabanan replacing the existing bridge, started during the year. The bridge, with a double-sided walkway and two-way bicycle path will open in 2019.
Stockholm Royal Seaport aims to be an attractive and welcoming place for everyone. The district offers different types of residential apartments of varying sizes. More than half of the residential apartments that have been built so far consist of rental apartments, and every tenth apartment is for student housing or group dwelling. 45 % consists of tenant-owned apartments.
This year, the land allocation competition in Kolkajen was evaluated. The purpose was to encourage developers to innovate and create housing that suit different kinds of lifestyles, and different life-stages. The proposals consist to a large extent of space-efficient apartments, complemented by additional shared space. Employment of people outside the labour market was also rewarded in the competition. Land allocations are planned to take place in spring 2019.
In 2018 suggestions for improvements based on results from the social impact assessment and the extended stakeholder dialogue in Södra Värtan, were further developed. The most highlighted issues were the importance of ensuring the proximity to the water for all, to create a healthy microclimate at the quays and to provide opportunities for physical activities and recreation.
The social impact assessment of Södra Värtan highlights issues that are important for the continuing planning process. For example, it is important that the sites within the area are connected to the rest of the city, in order to promote natural flows. Also, for the children, it is important that the walking- and bicycle paths are safe and secure.
Planing project leader for Södra Värtan
Stockholm City Development Administration
Attractive and safe urban spaces
The public urban space is an important meeting place, offering a variety of intense, crowded areas, as well as silent and calm areas. This, in combination with a variety of functions, creates good conditions for safe places.
A dense city requires a high plot ratio, and it is therefore important to provide ample amounts of free public space. In the Stockholm Royal Seaport, the public open space with social values makes up 26 % of total area, equalling 20 m2 per apartment. In other newly built areas, like Hammarby Sjöstad the public open space with social values is 18.5 %. The average plot ratio for the areas completed in the Royal Seaport is 2.3, to be compared to Hammarby Sjöstad's plot ratio of 1.7, and Hagastaden's 7.2.
The plot ratio gives an indication of the density of a district. For the Stockholm Royal Seaport, it covers everything already constructed, and what is still being planned in the development.
This year, the section of the Hjorthagenpark closest to Bobergsgatan was completed. It will be an experience rich environment including a playground and seven of the eight new sculptures in the area. There is also a large section with a meadow that serves as a protected and peaceful place.
Walks and fire protection drills have been carried out together with police and emergency services to assess the safety in the area. This has resulted in additional traffic signs for speed limits, speed control, as well as a closer cooperation between the Construction Consolidation Centre and the public moving in or through the area.
The 2016 resident survey showed that 91 % of the people who live in Stockholm Royal Seaport felt safe in the area.
Accessibility and proximity
The strategy 'accessibility and proximity' promotes sustainable travel patterns, giving priority to pedestrians, bicycles, and public transport.
- 2.1 bicycle parking lots
- 0.5 car parking lots per apartment on the properties.
- Electric charging is supplied for 7 % of the car parking lots on the development sites
- 5 minutes to everyday services
Giving priority to pedestrians, bicycles, and public transport
Priority is given to pedestrians, bicycles and public transport in the streets. The density of the city, and the proximity to public and private services, are of great importance to ensure sustainable travel patterns. Having been closed down for a period of time due to construction work, the walkway and bike path leading to the metro station in Hjorthagen was reopened this year.
The Stockholm Royal Seaport has received funds from The City of Stockholm to invest in projects reducing climate emissions. Various solutions for facilitating cycling have been tested. For example, Stockholm Parking will test an automatic bikes garage in 2019. A bicycle repair station and a bicycle pump have been put up.
The project has also participated in Region Stockholm - Traffic Management's process, investigating the future public transport needs for Stockholm Royal Seaport.
In 2018, bus services were strengthened with a new bus line 75 that runs from Ropsten to the City terminal. Bus line 6, the trunk route from Ropsten to Karolinska that was inaugurated at the end of 2017 has made a positive contribution to the availability of public transport in the area. Gasverksvägen has been reopened for bus traffic, and consequently, bus line 55 can now once again return to its ordinary route.
Norra 2 was designed with a dense urban structure and everyday services located within a five minutes' walk in mind. The number of parking lots for bikes is greater than in the earlier phases, which increases the likelihood of biking. On the streets, there is space for temporary parking for cars (loading and off-loading), parking for visitors, and carpools. In the garages, the number of parking lots for private cars is limited to 0.5 per apartment.
Development of the Mobility Index (MI) tool has continued during 2018. The MI was developed with inspiration from the Green Space Index, and gives the developers greater possibilities to design solutions customised for their property.
In the public space, the Husarvik bridge was completed and opened in 2018. Work is ongoing to ensure safe roads to school before the beginning of the 2019-2020 school year, with a focus on walking and biking.
In future phases, the plans are to create several multifunctional streets that will be almost car-free within the residential areas. The streets are designed and furnished in such a way that they are safe and accessible. Over the course of 2018, the design of these streets began.
The garage usage was also assessed during 2018 and showed a high occupancy rate. 12 of the 15 garages have an occupancy rate exceeding 95 %. The detailed development plan for the Hjorthagens garage was also adopted. The 1600 parking lots-garage will be built in a cavern, servicing Kolkajen and Gasverket. At present, remediation of the cavern is being carried out, and the garage will be opened in 2022. The garage is placed away from the residential areas with the purpose to decrease traffic within the residential streets and facilitate sustainable choices of transportation.
Efficient and sustainable transportation of goods
Logistics in the completed neighbourhood needs to be streamlined to ensure good urban qualities. Investigations on goods transportation during the operational stages have been made, but they need to be pursued in greater depth in 2019.
Even during the construction phase, logistics planning is important. Less transportation within the construction sites creates safer workplaces. Since 2013, there has been a Construction Consolidation Centre, CCC, to which all developers and their contractors are connected. CCC coordinates logistical flows and offers services to reduce goods traffic in the
surrounding area. CCC transports material in and out of the construction sites. Due to a change of the operator and computer system, there is a lack of complete statistics on how much construction transport has declined.
In 2018, a new procurement of the CCC operator was done. Through the new business model, consolidation of material transport through CCC has increased. There is an increased focus on logistics planning in early project stages and in the implementation stage. The new transport booking system is open to other logistics systems and is compatible with construction sector standards.
Great efforts have been made to control construction transports in order to ensure traffic safety. However, a traffic accident involving a truck and a biker occurred. The investigation of this accident is still ongoing.
The CCC serves as a platform for innovation and have attracted several R&D projects. It is an arena for learning and development related to construction consolidation and logistics.
In order to streamline the handling of excavated soil and rock, a Mass Consolidation Centre (MCC) has been established in the port area, funded by the Stockholm City climate investment fund. The centre's activities include local sorting and remediation, as well as removal of non-usable soil and rock by boat. This way, landfills outside Stockholm can be used. The goal is to reduce climate emissions with up to 50 %. In addition, the reuse of excavated soil and rock will can increase to 50 %, which also reduces the number of shipments.
The co-operation with the CCC has contributed to preventive and proactive logistics- and transport operations that ensures safety as well as accessibility to the public, the contractors and other involved parties. We are proud of the Rescue Service's recognition of proactive fire prevention during the construction stage, which creates safety for everyone.
Working Environment Co-ordinator
Stockholm City Development Administration
Resource efficiency and climate responsibility
With the strategy 'resource efficiency and climate responsibility' the city embarks on a fossil-fuel-free, low-resource and toxic-free future. Resource flows should be circular and cause as limited environmental and climate impact as possible.
- Metered energy use for buildings in Norra 2 is averaging 76 kWh m² per year Atemp*, which is 15 % lower than the current Swedish building code regulation
- 240 MWh of solar energy has been produced in Norra 2
- 213 kg residual waste per apartment and year compared to the national average of 520 kg per apartment and year
Waste and mass management
Reduced waste and increased waste purity
The waste management system in Stockholm Royal Seaport is designed to enable material recycling. The waste handling system includes kitchen grinders, vacuum waste collection system, recycling rooms, a mobile re-use station, and an automatic station for hazardous waste.
Three streams of waste streams are collected in the vacuum waste collection system, causing a reduced number of transports which contributes to a more attractive urban environment. The system is built by the City of Stockholm, and when completed, Stockholm Vatten och Avfall AB will take ownership. The residual waste in the Royal Seaport amounts to 213 kg per apartment and year, compared with the national Swedish average of 520 kg per apartment and year (avfallsverige.se).
The Stockholm Royal Seaport site is contaminated from its previous industrial activities, 25 % of the land area has been remediated to date. By remediation and re-use of materials the need for transports is reduced considerably. Only materials that do not meet quality requirements due to pollution or structural requirements is being disposed of. So far, two million tonnes of have been handled on site, and 770,600 tonnes have been reused, contributing to a mass balance of approximately 40 %.
An innovation procurement project to identify methods for remediation, started in 2016 and was completed in 2018. During this process, various in-situ remediation methods were tested and evaluated in order to avoid both excavation and transport to external processing. The results show that treatment combining chemical oxidation with persulphate and chalk for cement stabilization, can be used to remediate the most of the contaminated land on-site. The project was funded by Vinnova.
Energy and climate
All new buildings are being built as low-energy buildings to reduce the energy use. The buildings are provided with a well-insulated building envelope and energy efficient installations. The roofs are used to generate solar electricity and solar heating which increases the production of renewable energy.
Experiences from Norra 2 show that the requirements have led to the installation of energy efficient air treatment systems with air handling units (AHU) and all buildings are connected to district heating. The buildings have varying form factor, glass areas, and quality of the building envelope, but as all local produced solar energy was accounted for, it partially compensated for deficiencies in design and systems.
The first metered results for Norra 2, two years after occupation, demonstrated that the calculated energy use have been exceeded. The developers have worked on troubleshooting measures. The largest deviations consist of measurement errors and high heat uses, i.e. ventilation and warm water circulation losses, thermal bridges, and problems of commissioning and tuning. The developers will continue the efforts to correct errors as far as possible in 2019.
Energy use for automatic waste collection systems does not yet reach the set requirements. This is due to the system not being fully deployed, which, among other things, leads to leakage.
LED lighting are used for public places which represents an energy saving of 60 % compared to traditional lighting. During 2018, light steering controlled by the frequency of pedestrians and bikers was tested. The aim is to further reduce the energy use while increasing security. The evaluation will be completed by the end of 2019.
A total of 240 MWh of solar energy has been produced on the roofs of Norra 2.
Fossil fuel free by 2030
The target for Stockholm Royal Seaport is to have fossil fuel free energy-, waste- and transport systems by 2030. Important conditions for achieving this target are circular waste systems, energy-efficient buildings combined with local production of solar energy, as well as implementing the traffic hierarchy, i.e. giving priority to pedestrians, bicycles and public transport. The biggest challenge is a fossil fuel-free transportation system, since traffic is regional and regulations on the vehicle fleet would require changes in national regulations.
Stockholm Royal Seaport has participated in the C40 initiative (Climate Positive Development Program - CPDP) since 2010. The participation involves developing a road map on how to become a climate positive district. The C40 framework includes only the operational stage of energy, waste and transportation. The road map has been approved and during 2018, the SRS became a partner within the CPDP. In order to follow up on the road
map, a method for calculating climate emissions has been developed. A first trial to calculate the climate impact of the energy use, shows 1,567 tonnes of CO2 emissions during 2018. Emissions from transports and waste have not yet been considered.
Low climate impact
A building contributes to large climate impact, depending on the materials used. The impact can be reduced both in the design and construction phases. Therefore, all developers must complete a climate calculation for their buildings starting in an early stage. The calculations received to date have been of various quality. The Stockholm Royal Seaport therefore takes part in a project funded by the Swedish Energy Agency to test and evaluate climate calculation tools for the building sector that was recently launched by the Swedish Environmental Research Institute (IVL). The evaluation of working methods and the tool will be completed in 2021.
Material selection and indoor environment
Good indoor environment
Quality assurance during the construction process and on-demand ventilation, are important factors for ensuring a good indoor air quality. Other important factors for health and well-being are good access to daylight and low noise levels.
90% of the developers achieve Miljöbyggnad* - gold level, which is used as an indicator of the indoor environment. The non-compliances that occur are almost exclusively due to poor access to daylight.
In a densely built urban environment, access to daylight is a challenge. The earlier collaboration between architects, energy- and indoor environment experts is established, the better prerequisites for achieving the indoor requirements. With future climate change it is expected that the need for cooling will increase, various solutions for cooling (or natural cooling) are seen more frequently. Cooling becomes easier with different types of vegetation that protect against heat gain and give shade from the sun. The greenery allows light and heat in the spring and autumn but blocks the sun and heat during summer months.
One challenge in Södra Värtan is the low-frequency noise from ships in the harbour. There are, for example, no type-approved windows that can cope with these low frequencies. The City organised a seminar where the need and the potentials for new products were discussed.
* A national Swedish certification system to ensure sustainable buildings.
Sustainable building materials
All building materials should be non-toxic, i.e. not contain any substances that are hazardous to human health or to the environment. All building material must be approved in the national chemical assessment systems for building materials and be documented in a digital logbook. Materials should also meet social requirements.
In 2018, the focus has been to speed up the registration of products in the national building material assessment database. This has contributed to a good coverage for product groups such as playgrounds materials, pipes, wires, cement, chemical products etc. Deviations have occurred due to lack of chemical content information, occasionally these deviations have been discovered after installation. For projects on public space, few non-compliances have been reported.
The City of Stockholm has continued to actively work with sustainable and ethical procurement of natural stones. The aim is to, by better procurement practices, contribute to better working conditions in the production phases. The City of Stockholm is part of a working group to exchange experiences with Malmö, Lund, Helsingborg, Gothenburg, and Örebro. In 2018 a workshop was held to set routines for follow-up of imported, as well as Swedish natural stones. During 2018 all-natural stones procured in the Stockholm Royal Seaport were checked, and the requirements were fulfilled.
Since autumn 2018, Stockholm Royal Seaport contractors are expected to complete a self-assessment on social accountability in the supply chain. The aim of the self-assessment is to obtain information on the City’s supply chain to be able to set better requirements in the future.
To reduce the amount of materials hazardous to environment and health, and to reduce the spread of microplastics, requirements to reduce the use of artificial grass and rubber asphalt have been introduced.
Requirements for Forest Stewardship (FSC) certified wood products, ethical and environmental aspects in the supply chain are checked. However, there are question marks concerning Azobé, a tropical wood that, despite having the FSC-certificate, is associated with ethical and environmental risks. Alternatives to this wood have been assessed in a study during 2018.
To reduce the use of virgin material such as natural gravel, requirements for a maximum of 25% of the ballast for concrete is allowed to be natural gravel. In 2018 all contractors achieved this requirement.
The built environment must endure over time, which requires buildings and facilities to be designed with high quality. To ensure the architectural quality, parallel assignments to review both the structure and the buildings were carried out.
During the past year, consultants were contracted to better assess the life cycle costs (LCC) of the City facilities. Approaches and working methods will evolve during 2019.
Let nature do the work
The strategy 'let nature do the work' ensures that greenery and water are used as active components in the design and operation of the city. The green and blue infrastructure replaces and complements technical systems, creates a richer plant and animal life, and contribute to human health and well-being.
- 100 % of the residents have a park within 200 meters
- 16,700 m² of green roofs
- 8.2 m² green oasis* per inhabitant
Create and strengthen ecosystem services
Thoughtful use of greenery and water in the city space contributes to important ecosystem services, such as e.g. flood protection, temperature regulation, recreation, greater biodiversity and enhanced proliferation of important species.
Parks, neighbourhoods, playgrounds, streets and other surfaces together create a green structure that contributes to a more resilient city district; one that is able to accommodate the increased stormwater flows due to climate change.
For the green structure to be used as an active component in city planning, the developers need to achieve a specified Green Space Index (GSI). The GSI is a tool to assess the amount of eco-efficient surface in a given are. The use of the GSI for green structure has resulted in more multifunctional surfaces on courtyards and roofs. In the courtyards, there are plants from the meadowlands and green facades. Courtyards and roofs retain the stormwater by directing it to various plant beds and containers to be used for irrigation at a later stage. In the first two phases, the green roofs consisted mostly of sedum. 16,700 m² of green roofs and 29,145 m² of green courtyard have been completed to date.
This year, Norra 2 was completed. There is a great variety of plants, including flowering and fruit-bearing species, as well as examples of local species. The GSI tool and stormwater management play a major role to achieve ecosystem designs thinking. Collaboration in early design stages, monitoring, as well as space for new thinking, are also factors that contributed to a successful outcome.
In later phases, there are plans for several biotope roofs, i.e. roofs with deeper plant beds that store large amounts of stormwater, allowing for an increased variety of plants. In 2018, a resident survey regarding the outdoor environment was conducted. The survey result showed that 84 % experience the courtyards as pleasant outdoor environments during the hot summer.
The green areas created in public open space consists of parks, street greenery, and rain gardens. Among other things, the green structure passively treats stormwater runoff and moderates high temperatures. The latter was especially relevant during the hot summer of last year. The resident survey showed that 79 % of residents experienced the outdoor environment as pleasant during the hot summer days, although the experience of the square Storängstorget was 'too open' with too few trees providing shade during hot summer days. On the other hand, the cooling of the fountain was appreciated.
In the streets there are around 20 different species of trees that provide shade and reduces the temperature. Stormwater from the streets is led to tree pits and green passages, where the plant bed is a mix of biochar and gravel. The plant beds retain large quantities of water while at the same time ensuring good growing conditions for plants and trees.
This year, the Hjorthagsparken was completed. The location of the park and its function as a dispersal zone, its design and contents, strengthens the local ecosystem, with a special focus on the connections of oak-trees and amphibians. The park consists of local plants, such as oak-trees, meadows and moisture-loving perennials. An amphibian tunnel under Lövängsgatan and Bobergsgatan strengthens this connection with the nearby wetlands and makes it easier for the amphibians to move through this part of the area.
The green structure is also an important part of the district's stormwater management. Large amounts of stormwater are directed to designated wetland passages which assist in ensuring this type of biotope. During heavy rainfall water is directed from the Hjorthagsberget, via open ditches and wetland passages to lower-lying areas, the water is eventually directed to and disposed into Husarviken.
50,000 m², equivalent to 7 soccer fields of new park area has been built in the Stockholm Royal Seaport. This equals 20 m² per apartment. Street greenery and rain gardens amount to an approximate 3,250 m².
In Norra 2, new solutions have been tested and developed, such as new cesspits for stormwater as well as solutions for draining water from the courtyards to the parks, and biochar plant beds.
The biochar is produced from Stockholm residents' garden waste. It has good properties for soil improvement and captures CO2. Through using biochar in plant beds in Stockholm Royal Seaport about 1,300 tons of CO2 has been captured.
Participation and consultation
The 'participation and consultation' strategy aims to stimulate people's interest in participating in the development of the sustainable city. Research, development of knowledge and feedback of experience are important preconditions for solving complex challenges and the building knowledge.
- This year, 7,000 visitors from 58 different countries visited the project
- 350 stakeholders from the construction and building sector participated in the capacity building programme
- 200 children participated in the Sustainable Kids' Forum
- 20 million SEK has been dedicated to innovation projects
Active participation in urban development
An active dialogue with residents and people working in the area helps to anchor and gather important information for the planning process. In 2018, several public consultation activities took place. In Energihamnen, an open house was held, about 20 people attended. The stakeholder comments focused on increased risks and disruptions due to the area's industrial activities.
An information session about the Mass Consolidation Centre in Värtahamnen was held, about 40 people living in the surrounding area attended. Issues discussed included the location of the business, the risk of increased traffic, and dust from the premises.
The project has a Facebook page where the efforts with sustainable urban development is regularly discussed. When there were problems with odours and dust from soil remediation around Gasklocka 4, Facebook served as the most important channel to quickly reach the residents and distribute accurate information on various issues and concerns.
In conjunction to the spring markets, a flea market was held around Storängstorget, where pop-up shops and restaurants where set up on the streets. The City of Stockholm attended and answered questions regarding ongoing and future work in in the area. The event attracted more than a thousand people.
Also, this year, the residents initiated a Christmas market, and the Traffic Administration placed a Christmas tree in the Storängstorget. These activities create a sense of community, as well as attract people to shop locally.
The urban farming activities managed by the Hjorthagens Cultivators' Association, with support from the City, has become a natural meeting place for the residents of the area. There are 90 planting boxes available, and there is a continuing strong interest in cultivating. The beekeeping run by Bee Urban also contributes to increasing knowledge regarding biodiversity, and tours have been organized for pre-school classes and residents.
Sharing economy is an important concept for reducing consumption, increases knowledge and awareness of personal consumption. The Pop-Up Reuse Centre is a mobile container solution managed by Stockholm Vatten och Avfall AB in order to facilitate reduction, reuse and recycling of waste. During this year, the Pop-Up visited the area twice. 1,500 items, pieces of furniture, clothing and other items that can be reused were dropped off. The aim is to establish a permanent reuse centre at Gasverket.
In the area, various initiatives and ideas from the residents have been implemented. For instance, during this year, a public book shelve was inaugurated in collaboration with the Stockholm City library, a place where people can exchange books. The furniture was contributed by the second hand store, Myrorna.
In order to involve preschool children and their parents in sustainable development, a forum for dialogue and playful learning, the so called Sustainable Kids' Forum was organised. The focus is on issues related to food waste, recycling, and playgrounds. More than 200 children have participated in these activities during the year.
The Local Life project developed a communication platform to facilitate local involvement, neighbourhood watch, and an increased sharing economy. During 2018, 640 residents in Stockholm Royal Seaport joined. Several good suggestions, such as neighbour help and sharing services were submitted, and 11 interest groups were formed. The issues which engaged most were the sharing economy, safety, and well-being. The project is run by Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) and funded by Vinnova.
The role of private and public companies
Stockholm City's administrations will through, systematic sustainability efforts, dissemination of information and development of knowledge, set an example. Thus, e.g. all of the city's construction tenders now set requirements to employ people who, for various reasons, are outside the labour market. In 2018, this did not result in any jobs. For the land allocation of Södra Värtan, these requirements will also apply on all developers.
The City District Administration for Östermalm organized two thematic activities to increase the understanding of ecosystem services. On one of the occasions, the topic was biochar and on the other extraction of honey.
The preschools in Stockholm Royal Seaport are eco-labelled according to the green flag certification of Keep Sweden Clean, a national framework for how schools and preschools can, in an inspiring way, teach issues concerning sustainability. So far, 4 preschools of 7 have been certified.
Building knowledge and spreading experience
In 2018, about 10 R&D-projects connected with the Stockholm Royal Seaport were ongoing. One of the projects is Connected SRS, which is testing an IOT-platform (internet of things) for gathering and sharing data. The project is a collaboration between the Development Administration and the Executive Office, and it is funded by Vinnova.
The project 'The City's physical resource flows - Reflow, has identified the resources required to build and operate a city. It is an in-depth study of the Stockholm Royal Seaport's eco-cycle model, with the ambition of mapping the resource flows of the city. The project is funded by the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency.
National authorities involved in sustainable urban development were invited to a stakeholder dialogue on spreading experience and promoting Swedish clean-tech and services. During the meeting, it was established that Stockholm Royal Seaport is an important body of knowledge, as well as a platform for innovations.
The City of Stockholm contributes to increased knowledge on sustainable urban development through, for example, capacity development programmes and a forum for sustainable solutions that addresses challenges and good practice, both within the organisation and among developers and their consultants. In 2018, 340 people participated in 9 seminars. In total, 3,148 stakeholders have participated in the training and development programmes.
The Stockholm Royal Seaport draws increased attention both in Sweden and abroad. The project receives a large number of study visits with people who want to learn about sustainable urban development from the Stockholm Royal Seaport perspective. 7,000 people from 58 countries visited the project during 2018. Since 2012, a total of 33,000 people from more than 120 countries have visited the area. Many visitors have shown interest in learning about tools, such as the Green Space Index, and bring it back to their own municipalities.
Representatives from Stockholm Royal Seaport took part in many conferences and exhibitions during 2018; World Water week in Stockholm, Smarta städer exhibition in Kista, and Building Sustainability with Sweden Green Building Council. The project also participated in international exhibitions such as Expo-Real in Munich, and Smart City Expo in Barcelona. In the context of the C 40 initiative, the Climate Positive Development Program, the solutions and approaches of the Stockholm Royal Port have been introduced at a workshop in Guangzhou, China.
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